Forth of a four part series reviewing Stages of Group Development.
Believe it or not, the once chaotic team is now experiencing attachment! Because the team is accomplishing its goals, members of the group develop a fondness for one another. Bruce Tuckman suggests there are five stages of Group Development. The fourth stage is called Performing, which occurs when:
Team members have productive relationships and are able to communicate and coordinate effectively and efficiently. ~ Boundless.com
What about the good, the bad, and the leader of this stage?
- THE GOOD: It is now easy to participate on the team using sound and documented processes and systems. Team members are feeling a sense of satisfaction and confidence in their work. They want to belong and feel an attachment to the team.
- THE BAD: Unfortunately, the expectations of a performing team can become boring or routine. Mistakes may increase as a result of team member complacency. Any big change could derail the productivity of the entire group.
- THE LEADER: Since the team is functioning very well, the leader’s involvement decreases– allowing time to focus on developing the individuals. The team needs to enhance skills and knowledge. The leader is tempted to get too comfortable and may unknowingly delay change.
Ten years after Tuckman defined the first four stages, he added a fifth stage called Adjourning. The good news is the project or effort is marked “Complete,” but members of the team may miss participating on a well-functioning team. At this time, the leader may recommend promotions or more challenging tasks for team members. Celebration is in order!
The five Stages of Group Development provide unique challenges for both the team member and the leader. A team that successfully moves through all five stages transitions into greater opportunities with more confidence, knowledge, and skills.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Michelle Sugerman (PMP, PCC) is a speaker, author, and leadership coach with Leading Synergies. She hosts global masterminds, called Synergy Groups, for REALLY BUSY Christians leading with powerful confidence and humble hearts. She works with high-performing leaders focused on organizational effectiveness by refining strategy, inspiring teams, and delighting clients. Michelle specializes in the areas of information technology, project management, franchise management, and business as mission. Michelle lives in Colorado where she hikes fourteeners and enjoys gourmet meals with her loving husband of 21 years.